Top 5 Mexican Dog Breeds

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Mexico isn’t really known for their dog breeds other than Chihuahuas. There are more than just the Chihuahua, but not everyone really wonders about what other Mexican dog breeds. Almost everyone knows about the Chihuahua. They’re a very popular dog breed, but the other dog breeds we will talk about you might not even know existed.

Check out all these Mexican dog breeds

Chamuco

The Chamuco is a rare dog breed that originates from Mexico. Don’t expect to find these dogs in any pet store in Mexico as you’re actually looked down upon if you breed them. This is because they were bred for illegal underground dog fights. These dogs have a short, smooth coat, so you probably don’t have to groom these dogs often. The American Bulldog, Mexican Bulldog, Staffordshire and Pit Bull Terrier were all bred to order to make the Chamuco.

Xoloitzcuintli

Mexican dog breeds

The Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced”show-low-eats-QUEENT-lee”) is a short-haired dog breed that comes from Mexico. There are three size variations of the Xolo. They include the toy, miniature and standard. Toy versions are 10-14 inches tall, miniatures are 14-18 inches tall and standards are 18-23 inches tall. Toys weigh 10-15 pounds, miniatures weigh 15-30 pounds and standards weigh 30-55 pounds.

These Mexican dog breeds are affectionate with the family. Young Xolos need a substantial amount of exercise as well as adults. Recommended health tests include Ophthalmologist Evaluation (for all Xolos), Cardiac Exam (for all Xolos), Patella Evaluation (for miniature and toy Xolos).

Chinese Crested

mexican dog breeds
By Tommy Gildseth – Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1446187

It is really a mystery where these dog breeds actually come from. Some say that the Chinese Crested originated from Mexico, while the AKC suggests that they were from China. According to The Smart Canine, these dogs originate from Mexico.

These dogs can get about 11-13 inches tall and weigh 8-12 pounds. The Chinese Crested can actually live for 13-18 years, which is fairly long for dogs. Some ideas for exercise for these dogs include short walks and playing. Recommended health tests for the Chinese Crested include Ophthalmologist Evaluation, Patella Evaluation, Cardiac Exam, PRA-RCD3 DNA Test and a PLL DNA Test.

Calupoh

The Calupoh, also called the Mexican Wolfdog, is a large dog breed that was developed from a genetic project that bred wolves and dogs during the ’90s. They are strong, algile, noble and loyal. Males are about 24-29 inches tall and females are about 22-27 inches tall. These dogs were used as sheepdogs, cattle dogs and also companion dogs.

Chihuahua

mexican dog breeds

The Chihuahua is a small Mexican dog breed and one of the most popular dog breeds that comes from Mexico. Chihuahuas get only get 5-8 inches and no more than 6 pounds. They live for 14-16 years and recommended health tests include a Cardiac Exam, Ophthalmologist Evaluation, and Patella Evaluation. Long-haired Chihuahuas should be brushed weekly, while short-haired Chihuahua only need to be brushed occasionally.


Mexico does have other dog breeds outside of the Chihuahua. Some of Mexico’s dog breeds are large, while others are small. Some have long hair, while others are short. There aren’t actually a ton of Mexican dog breeds out there though. If you read some of our other articles like this one, you may have noticed that also.

What dog breeds in this list can I buy in the U.S.?

Obviously, the Chihuahua will be the dog breed you’ll most likely be able to buy. You could also buy Chinese Crested and Xoloitzcuintli dogs as well. For the dog breeds you’re most likely won’t find for sale, are usually the Chamuco and the Calupoh. These dogs are pretty rare and most people don’t even own them.

Chinese Crested dogs are over $1000 US (in the AKC marketplace) however, it really depends where you buy them from. Some may want more or less for their dog. Some may even give their Chinese Crested for free. It really depends on the seller. Xolos ( Xoloitzcuintli dogs) go for $1800 US (in the AKC marketplace). Chihuahuas go for $2000-$3000 US in the AKC marketplace.

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Resources:

AKC & AKC Marketplace

Whatta Wisler’s Tibetan Spaniels & Mataje’s Chihuahuas – AKC Marketplace

Xoloitzcuintli (dog breed profiles) – AKC

Chinese Crested (dog breed profiles) – AKC

Chihuahua (dog breed profiles) – AKC

The Smart Canine

5 Majestic Mexican Dog Breeds – The Guide to All Dogs of Mexico

101 Dog Breeds

Chamuco

Wikipedia

Calupoh

The Yucatan Times

Meet the Mexican wolf-dog

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